Sat. Oct 20th, 2018

Warm weekend coming, and so is El Niño

  • Vancouver Island Inland Sections Forecast - FOG ADVISORY , Port Alberni
    Issued: 4:19 PM PDT Friday 19 October 2018

    Forecast Issued 4:00 PM PDT Friday 19 October 2018 - Friday night: Partly cloudy. Fog developing this evening. Low 6. Saturday: Fog dissipating in the morning then a mix of sun and cloud. High 17. UV index 3 or moderate. Saturday night: Partly cloudy. Fog developing near midnight. Low plus 4. Sunday: Fog. High 20. Sunday night: Fog. Low 6. Monday: Fog. High 15. Monday night: Cloudy. Low 9. Tuesday: Periods of rain. High 14. Tuesday night: Rain. Low 9. Wednesday: Periods of rain. High 13. Wednesday night: Rain. Low 8. Thursday: Rain. High 12.

  • Current Conditions
    Temperature
    8.8° C
    0.1 ° C/hr
    Barometer
    102.55 kPa
    0.0
    Wind
    N/A 0.0 km/h
    gusting 3.2 km/h
    Humidity
    96 %
    Rain Rate
    0.0 mm/hr
    Wind Chill
    8.8° C
    Heat Index
    8.8° C
    Dewpoint
    8.2° C
    UV
    0.0
    Solar
    0 W/m2
    Last Updated: 3:40:00 PDT
    Click to Refresh or See All Conditions
  • Day Almanac
    Day's Rain
    0.0 mm
    Day ET
    0.0 mm mm
    Rain Storm
    NotAvailable mm
    Civil Rise
    07:14
    Moon Phase
    Waxing gibbous (82% full)
    Civil Set
    18:52
    Day Length
    13:03:57
    Day High
    8.8° C @ 02:44 Tdy.
    Day Low
    7.3° C @ 00:00 Tdy.
    Day High Rain Rate
    0.0mm/hr00:00
    Day High Barometer
    102.56 kPa @ 02:14 Tdy.
    Day Low Barometer
    102.52 kPa @ 02:59 Tdy.
    Day Low Windchill
    7.3° C @ 00:00 Tdy.
    Day High Heat Index
    8.8° C @ 02:44 Tdy.
    Day High Wind Gust
    S 1.7km/h @ 01:00 Tdy.
    Day High Solar Radiation
    0W/m2 @ 00:00 Tdy.
    Day High UV Index
    0.0 @ 00:00 Tdy.

Update: Friday June 6:
Just a quick update to say there chance of showers on Saturday evening has remained about the same in the forecast and a few very light showers have popped up on the West Coast for Sunday. Nothing serious though and still warm. With sun returning Monday.
………….

Nothing to complain about this weekend. It should remain pleasant and warm right through the weekend with only a chance of showers popping up on Saturday evening.
20140605-070240-25360407.jpg

The big ridge of high pressure that is centered off the Oregon and California coast is going to slide a little further out to sea but will still remain large and strong enough to keep us dry and warm and send most of the rain elsewhere.

Here is the ridge on Friday morning.
20140605-070720-25640059.jpg

By next week it will move even further out to sea and weaken, which likely means a change in our weather, but that is a long ways off.

El Niño is on the way.
20140605-074635-27995061.jpg
The map above shows ocean temperature anomalies in the Pacific, the reddening near the north coast of South America is the precursor to El Niño. The latest El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) forecast from the U.S. National Weather Service’s Climate Prediction Centre is out today. Their synopsis:

The chance of El Niño is 70% during the Northern Hemisphere summer and reaches 80% during the fall and winter.

These are higher chances than they predicted last month and are really only a step or two away from actually declaring El Niño conditions have begun. They have continued an El Niño Watch. Unlike last month where it seemed we might be on track for a very strong event, this months forecast tempers that and says:

Over the last month, the chance of El Niño and its ultimate strength weakened slightly in the models (Fig. 6). Regardless, the forecasters remain just as confident that El Niño is likely to emerge.

An El Niño can officially be declared when one month ocean anomalies are over 0.5ºC and are expected to stay that way for 3 more months and atmospheric conditions match what is expected.

The graph below shows the latest probabilities of El Niño, Neutral (what we have been in for a while), and La Niña conditions. Each set of three bars for each condition is grouped by 3 month set starting with May, June, July (MJJ).
20140605-072432-26672395.jpg

As you can see by the red bars. El Niño conditions are the most likely conditions to exist until at least March next year and probably longer since probabilities don’t return to even today’s levels by then.

What does El Niño mean for us? It usually affects our “monsoon” weather the most over the fall and winter months. The last El Niño of note was 2010 during the Winter Olympics when there was no snow on the North Shore mountains. Remember that? The other big comparison, especially if this El Niño gets strong, is 1997/1998. There is a good summary of that event and El Niño’s effects here. Below is a good image that shows what El Niño does to weather around the world. Notice the large warm areas in Alaska and BC.

20140605-073037-27037811.jpg

The big question in the climate world will be weather an El Niño over this year and/or 2015 will lead to a big new global temperature high. The historic 1997/98 event created a global record high temperature average for 1998 far above what the base warming was providing. This has been something climate change deniers have regularly used to “prove” global warming has stopped in some way. In reality, all it did was prove that, like the stock market, there are peaks and valleys even as a market grows.
20140605-074452-27892422.jpgGlobal temperatures have continued to rise. 2010 is now the hottest year on record, over 2005 and 1998 and all of the top 10 hottest years since 1880 have occurred since 2000, except 1998. The question is, will an El Niño cause a new spike in global average temperatures in 2014 or 2015. The answer is yes, because that is what El Niños do. The question is only, how high.